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Institute of Turbomachinery and Fluid Dynamics
Logo Leibniz Universität Hannover
Institute of Turbomachinery and Fluid Dynamics
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Computational Aeroacoustics

Field of Application

  • Blade cascades
  • Ducts
  • Aircraft engine inlets


The Computational Aeroacoustics (CAA) is a numerical approach to calculate sound generation and propagation in various applications. At the TFD this practice is used for the prediction of sound transmission and flow-induced sound sources in turbomachinery. Based on these findings, noise-reducing measures can be developed and optimized.

An acoustic domain is simulated using a hybrid approach. Firstly, a steady or unsteady CFD simulation is carried out to determine the flow field of the acoustic domain. The CFD solution contains both the convective transport information and the turbulence information, from which the acoustic sources are then modeled. The input for the CAA simulation of the acoustic field is provided by the CFD  flow  field solution. The pure sound transport can then be calculated with a different system of equations, e.g. the linearized Euler equations (LEE) or the acoustic perturbation equations (APE).

The main difference between CAA and CFD are the different length scales. The hydrodynamic perturbations, calculated with CFD methods, move at the same velocity as the flow. In contrast, the acoustic perturbations move at the same velocity as the sound.

Software Packages


The software PIANO (Perturbation Investigation of Aerodynamic Noise, DLR) is a finite-difference procedure that calculates the sound generation and transmission in an inhomogeneous flow. The simulations are performed in the time domain and both tonal noise and broadband noise can be calculated. At the TFD, PIANO is used to calculate the sound transport in blade cascades and compressor inlets.

COMSOL Multiphysics

COMSOL is a finite-element-method (FEM) that is appropriate for simple applications in time or frequency domains.


The finite-volume method linearTRACE (Turbomachinery Research Aerodynamic Computational Environment, DLR) is designed for frequency domain problems in turbomachinery applications.


Dipl.-Ing. Sina Witthaus