Computational Aeroacoustics (CAA)

The Computational Aeroacoustics (CAA) is a numerical approach to calculate sound generation and propagation in various applications. At the TFD this practice is used for the prediction of sound transmission and flow-induced sound sources in turbomachinery. Based on these findings, noise-reducing measures can be developed and optimized.

DESCRIPTION

An acoustic domain is simulated using a hybrid approach. Firstly, a steady or unsteady CFD simulation is carried out to determine the flow field of the acoustic domain. The CFD solution contains both the convective transport information and the turbulence information, from which the acoustic sources are then modeled. The input for the CAA simulation of the acoustic field is provided by the CFD  flow  field solution. The pure sound transport can then be calculated with a different system of equations, e.g. the linearized Euler equations (LEE) or the acoustic perturbation equations (APE).

The main difference between CAA and CFD are the different length scales. The hydrodynamic perturbations, calculated with CFD methods, move at the same velocity as the flow. In contrast, the acoustic perturbations move at the same velocity as the sound.

Gif - Sound radiation from a compressor inlet Gif - Sound radiation from a compressor inlet Gif - Sound radiation from a compressor inlet
Sound radiation from a compressor inlet
Gif - Sound field in a circular duct Gif - Sound field in a circular duct Gif - Sound field in a circular duct
Sound field in a circular duct
Gif - Sound propagation in a 2-stage turbine Gif - Sound propagation in a 2-stage turbine Gif - Sound propagation in a 2-stage turbine
Sound propagation in a 2-stage turbine

Field of Application

  • Blade cascades
  • Ducts
  • Aircraft engine inlets

Software Packages

  • PIANO

    The software PIANO (Perturbation Investigation of Aerodynamic Noise, DLR) is a finite-difference procedure that calculates the sound generation and transmission in an inhomogeneous flow. The simulations are performed in the time domain and both tonal noise and broadband noise can be calculated. At the TFD, PIANO is used to calculate the sound transport in blade cascades and compressor inlets.

  • COMSOL Multiphysics

    COMSOL is a finite-element-method (FEM) that is appropriate for simple applications in time or frequency domains.

  • linearTRACE

    The finite-volume method linearTRACE (Turbomachinery Research Aerodynamic Computational Environment, DLR) is designed for frequency domain problems in turbomachinery applications.

CONTACT

Mona Amer, M.Sc.
Research Staff
Address
An der Universität 1
30823 Garbsen
Building
Room
202
Mona Amer, M.Sc.
Research Staff
Address
An der Universität 1
30823 Garbsen
Building
Room
202